When answering the question – what is type 2 diabetes, I think it is important to give some background information on diabetes so that you can get the big picture. So before I talk specifically about type 2 diabetes, first, let me explain what diabetes is all about.
Diabetes, termed Diabetes mellitus, is a disease that has been around for thousands of years. It would present when people under the age of 20 developed unrelenting thirst and hunger, followed by urinating profusely. People would develop these symptoms and soon die. This was known as type 1 diabetes. Then there was type 2 diabetes, which was more gradual in nature and usually affected people over the age of 45.
Before the 1920’s there weren’t any treatments for diabetes available. Then in 1921, Dr. Frederick Banting was able to isolate a substance from the pancreas of dogs that saved the lives of millions of people with diabetes. This substance was insulin.
Today, there are numerous insulin formulations for treating type 1 and drugs available to treat type 2 diabetes. Although diabetes isn’t curable at this point, and is considered a chronic disease, it is certainly treatable.
Today, the term diabetes mellitus is recognized as a group of metabolic disorders which all result from impaired insulin production and/or high blood sugar levels. It is broken down into two main types.
When the body has lost its insulin-secreting capacity this is called type 1. When the body secretes less insulin than is needed and doesn’t respond to insulin properly, which is called insulin resistance, this is called type 2.
What Is Type 2 Diabetes Explained
Type 2 diabetes is a condition where either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the body cannot use the insulin properly. The medical term for this is insulin resistance.
When there isn’t enough insulin or the insulin is not being used properly, glucose (sugar) can’t get into the cells of your body. When glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into cells, the body’s cells are not able to function properly. This results in elevated blood sugar levels above the normal ranges.
In a normal situation, your blood sugar levels should never go above a certain point because if insulin is doing its job properly, the blood sugar is mopped up from your bloodstream.
The problem with high blood sugar in your bloodstream is that if left uncontrolled, and blood sugar levels remain high over a period of time, this can lead to very serious complications. The reason for this is because high blood sugar levels can be toxic on your organs and lead to damage.
Prior to using any of this material, please consult with your physician.