Type 2 diabetes symptoms can usually present in a number ways. And while no two people are alike, there is usually overlap when it comes to warning signs of diabetes. For the most part, Type 2 diabetes symptoms are usually much less severe than Type 1 symptoms. For this reason, some people go on for years without even knowing they have diabetes.
8 Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
- Frequent urinations. Excessive water loss in the urine, caused by glucose in the urine. The medical term for this is polyuria.
- Extreme thirst. The medical term for this is Polydipsia. This happens as the body tries to make up for fluid lost.
- Unexplained weight loss. This is usually happens because fat and protein are being used for energy instead of glucose. And calories are being urinated as they spill out in the urine in the form of glucose. This usually happens when blood sugars are >200 mg/dL.
- Excessive hunger. Fatigue, excessive hunger, and eating. The medical term for this is Polyphagia. Because the blood sugar levels are high, the body’s tissues aren’t able to take up the sugar and use it properly as energy because the cells are resistant to insulin. This symptom along with polyuria and polydipsia, tend to be much milder in diabetes type 2 than in type 1.
- Blurred vision. High blood sugar causes the lens of the eye to swell, which can cause your vision to become blurry. This can usually be fixed by getting your blood sugar back to normal.
- Cuts and bruises that are slow to heal. This usually happens because of poor circulation. Diabetes is the leading cause of lower extremity amputations in the US.
- Tingling and numbness in the hands and feet. The reason for this is because of nerve damage from the effects of high blood sugar.
- Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections. People with diabetes are at higher risk for opportunistic infections because diabetes damages immune system cell function when it is not controlled. When you really control blood sugar, it is possible to help your immune system out a lot with this and reduce the chances of infections.
Some other symptoms to watch out for include dry, itchy skin, and feeling tired or ill.
To understand why these symptoms happen you must understand this. Type 2 diabetes affects both the small blood vessels (microvascular) and large blood vessels (macrovascular) which lead to complications to eyes, kidneys and feet for the small blood vessels. And macrovascular problems are those affecting or having to do with the heart.
Most doctors aren’t as worried about high blood sugar as they are the affects that it will have on your organs. This is one of the main reasons why many doctors ask me of ways to treat diabetes that will improve more than just their blood sugar. The most dangerous disease of them all isn’t diabetes, but heart disease. Heart disease will kill one out of every three americans. So all of these symptoms really all lead to cardiovascular complications down the line that we want to avoid.
Most people usually have high blood sugar for years before being diagnosed with diabetes. High blood sugar has a different effect on different people. Some people may have frequent urination, while some people may not have any symptoms at all. The good news is that we can control diabetes with diet and exercise more than people are aware of. This is one of the main reasons why education is so important and there is no need to fear diabetes.
Prior to using any of this material, please consult with your physician.