High Blood Pressure and Diabetes Diet: The Dash Diet Plan
For Type 2 Diabetes And Hypertension, diet can play a huge part in helping to lower your blood pressure. More specifically, the DASH Diet can help you get on track.
High Blood Pressure And Diabetes Diet
About 60%-65% of people with type 2 diabetes suffer from hypertension or high blood pressure. High blood pressure goes hand-in-hand with metabolic syndrome.
High blood pressure is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease so it is very important that you get it handled. Not to mention, it increases the risk to kidney damage and retina damage.
Most of the doctors that I’ve spoken to will recommend that their patients limit salt, increase fruit and vegetables, and dairy products which is the DASH diet, including lose weight and exercise. And medication is also given.
Most doctors prescribe drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) or ACE inhibitors, as they have been found to also have a beneficial effect on type 2 diabetes. Other blood pressure medications such as beta blockers or diuretics may be detrimental to the control of type 2 diabetes. Beta blockers may cover up the warning signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Both diuretics and beta blockers have also been shown to slightly increase your blood sugar and screw up your cholesterol.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) goal for blood pressure is <130/80 mm Hg.
The DASH Diet Plan
DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) was a study that showed that eating more fruits and vegetables can lower blood pressure. This was a clinical trial that involved 457 people with high blood pressure.
The people involved in the study were put on one of three diets:
- A diet that resembled the typical American diet
- A fruit and vegetable diet with 8 servings of fruit and vegetables a day
- And a combination diet with 9 servings of fruits and vegetables a day plus 3 servings of low-fat dairy products
Of the 3 diets, diet number 3, the combination diet did much better than the other two at the end of 8 weeks. Diet number 2 also did better but not as much as number 3. And both diet number 2 and number 3 lowered blood pressure in people without hypertension, which showed that this diet is a great preventative diet for high blood pressure.
A second DASH trial showed that even more benefit can be shown by adding a low-salt diet to the trial to further lower blood pressure. A follow-up to the DASH study showed the secret weapon of fruits and vegetables that make them so effective in lowering blood pressure is their high potassium content.
Other benefits of this type of diet are lower cholesterol, and reduced risk of heart disease and stroke.
Prior to using any of this material, please consult with your physician.